AI4AI aims to provide a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences under the general theme of AI for education, specialising on university education in AI, but interpreting AI in a broad sense. This workshop held at ECAI 2023 brings together researchers involved in these diverse programs dedicated to investigating, developing and exploring AI techniques for AI and computer science education. We also wish to contribute towards forming a European community on the theme of AI for AI education, and foster basic research as well as the development of intelligent assistance technology (e.g., intelligent tutor systems) in a multi-disciplinary setting in order to improve AI education by making use of AI technology itself: AI4AI. Besides researchers with a background in AI, we encourage interdisciplinary contributions from cognitive science and education technology.

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Call For Contributions

We invite submission of

Technical papers present novel ideas or finding and position results in context of AI-enhanced education of AI. For research-in-progress, submission of short papers are welcome. We particularly encourage young researchers to submit. We also invite authors who recently published results of interest to this workshop to submit a short summary paper which highlights the results and explains relevance. Application contributions present the use or evaluation of AI techniques in an educational context. Evaluations can range from technology oriented (e.g., address software functioning in operational contexts) to human oriented (e.g., address usability or effects of use). Demos focus on (novel) implementations put into practise. They can be ‘proof of concepts’, but also mature products. Contributions typically address the ‘extras’ needed to achieve a useful implementation. In addition, there will be invited position talks by the worksshop organisers.


All contributions must be submitted via EasyChair.

All submissions must be in PDF format and must not exceed 6 pages for full papers (plus one for references), respectively 3 pages for short papers (plus one for references). Papers should be formatted according to the ECAI formatting guidelines. All submissions will be evaluated in a peer review process and selected according to their quality, significance, originality, and potential to generate discussion. Each contribution will be reviewed by at least two referees from the Program Committee. Papers may be accepted for either oral or poster presentation. Accepted papers will be published as a collection of working papers. As AI4AI is a workshop, not a conference, submission of the same paper to conferences (e.g., ECAI or IJCAI) or journals is acceptable, but must be indicated. To accommodate the publishing traditions of different fields, authors of accepted papers can ask that only a one-page abstract of their paper appear in the proceedings. The workshop is also open to people who would like to attend without submitting a paper.

All questions about submissions should be emailed to the contect organizers.

Important Dates

Be mindful of the following dates:

Note: all deadlines are Central European Time (CET), UTC +1, Paris, Brussels, Vienna, Kraków.

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Adish Singla
AI-Driven Educational Technology for Introductory Programming
Computational thinking and basic programming skills are essential for everyone to thrive in nowadays digital society. Consequently, there is an increasing need to introduce computing and programming education at an early age, starting at elementary-level grades. However, given the conceptual and open-ended nature of programming tasks, novice learners often struggle when solving these tasks on their own. Given the scarcity of human tutoring resources to provide individualized assistance, AI-driven educational technology has the potential to provide scalable and automated assistance to struggling learners. In this talk, I will present our research on AI-driven techniques for automatically synthesizing new programming tasks, generating personalized feedback, and modeling learners' knowledge. I will highlight unique challenges and insights in the programming domain, which can also drive the next scientific breakthroughs in AI-driven education for other subject domains. I will conclude with directions for future work on AI-driven educational technology to make programming education effective and accessible for all.

Adish Singla is a faculty member at the Max Planck Institute for Software Systems (MPI-SWS), Germany, where he has been leading the Machine Teaching Group since 2017. He conducts research in the area of Machine Teaching, with a particular focus on open-ended learning and problem-solving domains. In recent years, his research has centered around developing AI-driven educational technology for introductory programming environments. He has received several awards for his research, including an AAAI Outstanding Paper Honorable Mention Award (2022) and an ERC Starting Grant (2021). He also has extensive experience working in the industry and is a recipient of several industry awards, including a research grant from Microsoft Research Ph.D. Scholarship Programme (2018), Facebook Graduate Fellowship (2015), Microsoft Tech Transfer Award (2011), and Microsoft Gold Star Award (2010).

Ken Forbus
Sketch Understanding for AI Education Sketching is a natural way that people use to think through ideas and exchange them with others. Creating AI systems that can be partners in sketching is challenging, but sufficient progress has been made to support deploying sketch understanding systems in multiple domains. This talk describes our work on open-domain sketch understanding and show how it enables new kinds of sketch-based educational technologies. I focus on Sketch Worksheets, describing how they use qualitative visual reasoning and analogy to give on-the-spot feedback to students and assessment data for instructors. While most deployments have been in geoscience, I will describe how we’ve used them in our classes on cognitive modeling and on knowledge representation.

Kenneth D. Forbus is the Walter P. Murphy Professor of Computer Science and Professor of Education at Northwestern University. His research interests include qualitative reasoning, analogical reasoning and learning, spatial reasoning, sketch understanding, natural language understanding, cognitive architecture, reasoning system design, and AI for education and learning. He is a Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, the Cognitive Science Society, the Association for Computing Machinery, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the inaugural recipient of the Herbert A. Simon Prize, a recipient of the Humboldt Research Award and served as Chair of the Cognitive Science Society.

Workshop Program

Please consult the ECAI homepage for details about the venue. Keynotes: Tentative workshop schedule: %% 11:35 %% -> 11:50
9:30keynote by Adish Singla, Max Planck Institute for Software Systems
AI-Driven Educational Technology for Introductory Programming
10:30coffee break
technical session, full papers, focus topic: AI in programming education
11:00Enhancing Computer Science Education by Automated Analysis of Students’ Code Submissions (slides)
Lea Eileen Brauner, Frank Höppner
11:20Model-Based-Diagnosis for Assistance in Programming Exercises
Moritz Bayerkuhnlein, Diedrich Wolter
11:40Language-Model Assisted Learning How to Program?
Jochen L. Leidner, Michael Reiche
12:00Bridging the Programming Skill Gap with ChatGPT: A Machine Learning Project with Business Students
Michael Reiche, Jochen L. Leidner
12:20poster spotlight
Scalable Interventions in Higher Education: An AI-Supported Smartphone App to ASSIST Self-Reflection
Johannes Berensa, Thomas Gößlb, Leandro Henaob, Luis Rumertb;*, Moritz Salamonb and Kerstin Schneider

Analysis of Knowledge Tracing performance on synthesised student data
Panagiotis Pagonisa, Kai Hartunga, Di Wua, Munir Georgesa, and Sören Gröttrupa
12:30lunch break
13:30keynote by Ken Forbus, North Western
Sketch Understanding for AI Education
technical session, full papers, focus topic: AI techniques
14:30poster spotlight
technical session, full papers, focus topic: AI techniques in educational contexts
14:40Guided Tours in ALeA: Assembling Tailored Educational Dialogues from Semantically Annotated Learning Objects (slides)
Jonas Betzendahl, Michael Kohlhase, Dennis Müller
15:00coffee break
15:30Does Starting Deep Learning Homework Earlier Improve Grades?
Edward Raff, Cynthia Matuszek
15:50Performance of Large Language Models in a Computer Science Degree Program
Tim Krüger, Michael Gref
16:10Topic Segmentation of Educational Video Lectures Using Audio and Text
Markos Dimitsas, Jochen L. Leidner
16:30poster session
17:00workshop closing

Note: all times are Central European Time (CET), UTC +1, Paris, Brussels, Vienna, Trier, Kraków.

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Organizing Committee

Diedrich Wolter is professor of Smart Environments at the University of Bamberg, Germany. His research interests are knowledge representation and reasoning, hybrid AI, and applications of AI. Currently, he is an investigator in the VoLL-KI project and seeks to develop diagnosis and explanation techniques for intelligent tutoring system. Jochen L. Leidner, FRGS is a research professor of AI at the university of the applied sciences Coburg, Germany. His research is mostly focused on NLP and its applications. Currently, he is an investigator in the VoLL-KI project and seeks to develop chatbot support for AI teaching. Michael Kohlhase is professor for Knowledge Representation/Processing at FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany and and adjunct associate professor for Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, USA. His research interests include knowledge representation for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), inference-based techniques for natural language processing, computer-supported education and user assistance. Ute Schmid is professor for Cognitive Systems at University of Bamberg, Germany. Her research interests are mainly in the domain of comprehensible machine learning, explainable AI, and high-level learning on relational data, especially inductive programming. Research topics include generation of visual, verbal and example-based explanations; cognitive tutor systems; analogical problem solving and learning. Ute Schmid is a pioneer of Computer Science for Primary School (FELI) and is engaged in the domain of AI education. Vania Dimitrova is professor of Human-Centred Artificial Intelligence at the University of Leeds, UK. Vania Dimitrova leads research activity on human-centred artificial intelligence which builds intelligent systems that help people make sense of data, take decisions in complex settings, expand their knowledge, learn from experience, and develop self-regulation skills. She is currently President of the International AI in Education Society.

Program Committee

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The workshop will take place at ECAI 2023 in Kraków, Poland

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